The unassuming and slightly dilapidated structure behind the grand Bayly House at 207 High Street in Cambridge could be quite a historically significant little building. According to information found in the Maryland Inventory of Historic Properties, the Bayly House is probably the oldest dwelling in Cambridge, dating from the 1740s. But what has the attention of historians, architects and archaeologists now is the small structure in the backyard. They are working to document its history and verify whether it was once used as slave quarters. If confirmed, it would be a rare finding for an urban setting.
It is believed that the house was moved from Oxford, Maryland, and assembled in the 1750s on the site where the Dorchester County Courthouse currently is located. Shortly afterwards, it was moved across High Street to its present location to allow the Courthouse to be built. In the rear of the house are several outbuildings, one of which could be a slave cabin.
Architectural Historian Stephen Delsordo has evaluated the building and has stated that it was constructed prior to the middle of the 19th century by reusing material from older buildings, along with new building material. And according to Bayly family tradition, the outbuilding served as quarters for the house servants. In addition, Kate Larson, historian and Harriet Tubman scholar, has confirmed that the John Caille family (the original owners of the house) and the Bayly family, particularly Josiah Bayly and his son Dr. Alexander Hamilton Bayly, owned slaves. The property was purchased by the prominent Bayley family around 1830, and occupied by Dr. Bayley (1814-1892) and his descendants until 2003.
Catherine Morrison, the current homeowner, purchased the house in 2014. In addition to the small building described as a slave cabin, there is an attached kitchen and smokehouse. She has been restoring the exterior of the main house, and she also wants to preserve the structure in the backyard.
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Archaeologist’s passion rooted in childhood, now illuminating to historic Bayly site
Dr. Julie Schablitsky’s demonstrated passion and commitment to archaeology took root when she was in elementary school. That passion is clearly evident as she works at the Bayly site, where her team has unearthed numerous artifacts, each one with its own story to enrich the history of the area. Click here to read more.
Bayly Homeowner’s Quest for History
Catherine Morrison never dreamed she’d be in the middle of an archaeological dig in her own backyard. Since she moved into the historic Bayly house, she has found herself immersed in the history of what is believed to be the oldest house in Cambridge, as well as the cabin, that has long been believed to be a dwelling for enslaved people in the 1800s. Click here to read more.